By Olie Marchal, SOM Footwear Shoemaker
Well, it’s all about trusting your feet! We started this footwear company because of this exact reason. We realize that our feet have everything they need to propel us forward, and the reality of being as close to barefoot as possible makes sense. Making barefoot or minimalist shoes is the answer; to reconnect with our natural sense of motion.
How many shoes does a person need?
With all the products available on the market, it seems that we need, or think we need, a specific outfit for every activity we do, including shoes. Until about ten years ago, I thought the same. I was convinced I needed a pair of shoes for running, another pair of shoes for hiking, another pair of shoes for training, and the list goes on.
Things started to change when I experienced some serious back pain. What I really wanted to know is what caused this back pain. I started to do some research and I learned a lot about the problems that can be caused by unhappy feet to the rest of the body. What I mean by unhappy feet is feet that are “stuck” in over-built shoes, or toes that are squeezed. And sure thing, the shoes and boots I wore back then were not barefoot shoes. They all had a heel, some cushioning, an arch support, and many other gimmicks. When our feet are squeezed in tight shoes it can cause many issues such as bunions, hammertoes and, over time, flattened arches. The latter is compensated by high arch support in a lot of shoes - which makes the problem even worse.
After learning more about minimalist barefoot shoes, or zero-drop barefoot shoes, I decided to give them a try. It required some adaptations to get used to them. For the first few months, my calves were sore, and I had to stretch a lot. But after a while, something unexpected happened. I realized that my feet had become stronger and more responsive. And, more importantly, I started to trust my feet.
I realized that our feet are designed to adapt to almost any terrain and any activity and, when healthy, they naturally provide all the comfort we need. This transition not only fixed my back pain but it also improved my balance and posture. Our feet are capable of taking much more than we may think and, without any interference, they will always surprise us. It starts from the ground up!
So, what is a barefoot minimalist shoe?
A barefoot shoe has:
- a roomy toe-box to allow the toes to spread out;
- a zero-drop sole, which means the same thickness from toe to heel for a natural posture;
- a soft sole, that bends easily;
- no arch support because the foot rests on its heel and its ball, not on its arch.
The thickness of the sole can vary from 2 mm to 8 mm, depending on brand.
A 2 mm sole is reserved for what I call the “purists” of minimalist footwear. It is as close to barefoot as it can get but requires a longer period of adaptation and has no forgiveness when stepping on a rock or root the wrong way. A thicker sole, up to 8 mm, may not sound as minimalist but still offers some good benefits. As long as the outsole and the shoe itself is soft, with no arch support and plenty of room for the toes to spread out, it offers a more relaxed barefoot feel without the worries of stepping the wrong way as it provides a little bit more protection from the ground.
At SOM Footwear, our goal is to feel as close as possible to being barefoot without compromising comfort. If you are a person who enjoys working out mostly in a gym and taking a casual walk, a thinner sole will give you a great benefit. However, if you are a mountain trail runner, a thicker sole may be a good option. Again, it is a matter of personal preference!
What are the benefits of barefoot shoes?
As I learned with my experience, they go far beyond just more comfortable toes.
- Barefoot shoes improve leg and foot strength.
- Barefoot shoes combat pain.
- Barefoot shoes allow you to walk and run naturally.
Most of us walked and ran barefoot when we were kids. We didn’t have any problem jumping and running around with no shoes on. We did it naturally! Our feet were strong and healthy.
Then we had to wear shoes to go to school and, later, to work. As we grow up we want to look cool or classy. Unfortunately, not all shoes or boots that make us look cool or classy are good for our feet in the long term, and a lot of people pay the price later on. Narrow, rigid, heeled, and cushioned shoes are far from any natural barefoot walking and running we experienced as kids.
Here is more info on benefits of barefoot minimalist shoes like SOM shoes.
The distinction between “normal” and “natural” gait
Here’s an article written by Dr. William A Rossi, found on Dr. Ray McClanahan’s website, about the effect of “normal” shoes on our feet and body. In this article he expresses how incompatible shoes, or orthotics, can be to our natural gait. He defines how your gait is not as simple as it sounds and involves half of your body muscles and bones, not to count the number of joints and ligaments.
Human status is defined by their feet, which took more than 4 million years to develop. Modern shoes are obstructing that highly efficient design and denying its natural graceful movement, head to foot. His conclusion is very simple: in order to regain our natural gait we have to go barefoot as much as possible until the ideal shoe is made available. At SOM Footwear, we know that we are closer to that ideal barefoot shoe to which he is referring, not quite a moccasin, but!
The science is backing up more and more barefoot minimalist shoes (Scientifically backed up as the best shoes (source))Despite more and more information out there, we are still confused and also wonder if we can trust the information we find! My personal experience brought me to the conclusion that being as close as possible to barefoot would help to solve my back issues. The book: Born to Run by Christopher McDougall was an eye-opener and saved me from surgery. When I couldn’t find shoes that made sense (and please: be made in the USA), my creative mind started to work hard. It was clear to me what my feet needed, and I learned to make shoes in order to respond to my own needs. Today, there is more and more scientific research on that matter confirming that my intuition was on the right track. It is all about trusting your feet!
Science informs the shoe-wearer that transitioning to minimalist footwear is not that simple. Individuals need to take into account the duration of their habits, and factor in the consequent changes to their body. There is a risk for injury if you don’t listen to your body when transitioning to minimalist footwear and that the past years, if not your entire life, have compromised the natural function of your feet and body. There is no secret; you just have to give your body the time it needs to adjust, which will be different from one person to another. Patience is a virtue!
Are barefoot shoes dangerous?Because of the prevalence of built-up overly-designed shoes in our world, there is a perception that barefoot shoes are somehow a step back. Common concerns include:
- Does a lack of arch support hurt my feet?
- Will my calf muscles get sore and painful?
- As a heel striker, will it hurt my heel?
It also takes time to rebuild the muscle strength needed for the foot to do its work. Like any muscle being stimulated, it can create some soreness which can easily be diminished by stretching exercises.
For people who have a tendency to heel strike (which is fine in well-cushioned shoes), it will be necessary to change their stride from heel striking to a mid-foot strike. This transition does not happen instantly and requires a steady progression. But the result is well worth it! Bringing your foot strike back under your body allows you to use your ankle as a spring rather than as a brake as you soften and cushion each landing. This results in big improvements to stride efficiency (important if you’re a runner, but also important for injury prevention for non-runners, too).
Important notes for making a transition to barefoot shoes.You’re ready to make the jump to a healthy, more natural relationship with your feet? Great! As you get started, here are a few tips to keep in mind to help you adjust quickly and comfortably to this shoe revolution:
- Consider the thickness of the sole, depending on your main activity. Many of our customers who are not walking barefoot, some not even at home, use cushioned inserts such as neoprene flat material in order to get a bit of cushioning while they are transitioning. It helps their feet not to hurt while starting to be familiar with the ground feel.
- Try on a pair. There is no other way to know if minimalist shoes will be comfortable for you. We take the risk for you by offering a 100% risk-free return policy. We know that when you put your SOMs on it will be falling in love at first trial. The room your feet feel is usually your indicator of instant comfort. With a few steps in a lightweight shoe, your entire body remembers what it is to have natural balance. Unconsciously you’ll decide if these shoes are for you. It is that simple. We are not promising to serve all the feet in the world, but if you decide to like these shoes, we’ll be there for you for years to come.
- Adjust gradually. This is an important point and we like to reitarate that it is important to listen to your body. You’ll need to be aware of the adjustments that are occurring on your body when you transition from a higher cushioned heel shoe to a flat simple shoe. Many podiatrists suggest to take this time very seriously. It is not that simple but it is also common sense. From 30 minutes per day, with increment of 30 minutes every day and returning to your conventional shoes when your feet get tired. You can count the steps too. Our favorite article on the subject is from Dr. Ray: How to transition to Natural Shoes. The most important thing you”ll need to remember is it will take time. Soreness may appear and stretch sessions may be needed. You’ll have to show patience.